Salmonella legislation comprises a common legal framework intended to reduce and control the infection in poultry through a comprehensive and systemic approach. In most cases, the regulations are supported by codes of practice to serve as guidance to enable compliance with relevant ethical standards. In the European Union, there is general legislation applicable to all member states, which is reinforced by national regulations in each member country.

For consumers, safety is the most important consideration in any food. Recent crises may have undermined public confidence in the capacity of the food industry and of public authorities to ensure food safety. The European Commission has identified food safety as one of its top priorities.

The White Paper on Food Safety of January 12, 2000 sets out the plans for a proactive new food policy. This includes modernizing legislation into a coherent and transparent set of rules, reinforcing controls from farm to fork and increasing the capability of the scientific advice system, so as to guarantee a high level of human health and consumer protection (EU Commission, 2000).